The Effects of Mindfulness‑based Stress Reduction on Emotional Regulation and Psychological Well‑being of Iranian Veteran’s Homemakers with Secondary Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Document Type : Original Article


1 Departments of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences

2 Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran (Isfahan), Iran

3 Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kashan University of Medical Sciences

4 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan,



Background: Problems of emotional regulation and lack of social skills in veterans’ families are very common and like psychological
complications have unpleasant consequences for them. Therefore, effective and helpful interventions and therapies are highly important.
Objectives: The current study aimed at evaluating the effect of mindfulness‑based stress reduction (MBSR) on the improvement of emotional
regulation and psychological well‑being in veterans’ homemakers with secondary posttraumatic stress disorder. Patients and Methods: In the
current study, the permuted blocked randomization method was used. Participants were selected from veterans’ homemakers referred to the
counseling center of veterans in Kashan city (Iran) in 2015. They were randomly assigned into two groups (30 controls and 31 cases). The case
group underwent the MBSR treatment. Results: Results showed no significant difference between the two groups at the baseline (P < 0.05). No
significant difference was observed in the total score of MBSR on emotional regulation between the groups. However, the difference between
pre‑ and post‑test of rejection of emotional response subscale was significant. In addition, the total score in the psychological well‑being at
pre‑ and post‑test was significant. Conclusions: It seems that MBSR significantly affects the psychological well-being, but it has no effect
on the emotional regulation except the subscale of emotional response rejection.


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