Epidemiology, incidence, and trend of injuries in Iran: A national study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

3 College of Arts and Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, USA



Introduction: Injuries are one of the well-known leading causes of disability and mortality in all societies. This study aims to determine the incidence and trend of injuries and their epidemiologic characteristics in Iran. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, injury fatality data from 2008 to 2016 were obtained from the registry of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (Iran) and analyzed to determine the epidemiological pattern of injuries. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Excel and the statistical package of SPSS version 22 were used for data analysis. ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The highest incidence of injuries was related to traffic injuries with 546.4/100,000 population, followed by trauma and falls from heights with 497.7 and 195.2/100,000 population, respectively. The highest incidence of traffic injuries in Iran had occurred in 2011 with 628.1/100,000 population. Conclusion: Regarding the high incidence of injuries, especially traffic crashes, traumas, and falls, the priorities for close monitoring of these injuries during the high-risk periods to decrease and control the rate of the injuries strongly felt.


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