An Epidemiologic Study of Deceased Pedestrians in Road Traffic Accidents in Iran during 2012–2013

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Public Health, Torbat Jam Faculty of Medical Sciences, Torbat‑e Jam,

2 Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

3 Department of Community Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan

4 Department of Forensic Medicine, Forensic Medicine Organization

5 Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Background and Objectives: Due to the high rate of pedestrian deaths in traffic accidents and given that describing demographic profiles
of pedestrian deaths and features of accident locations is an important factor in the prevention, management, and analysis of road traffic
accidents, this study aimed at describing the demographic and personal patterns as well as environmental factors affecting the occurrence of
road traffic accidents among pedestrians in Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross‑sectional study was conducted on all pedestrian deaths
caused by traffic accidents referred to the Forensic Medicine Organization in Iran from March 20, 2012, to March 19, 2013. In this study,
demographic information as well as the information related to the accidents and other information including trauma location, the final cause
of death, date of accident, date of death, time of death, and time of accident were examined. The information received from the Forensic
Medicine Organization was first controlled and then analyzed using the Stata 11 software. Results: From a total of 4371 pedestrians died in
2012 due to traffic accidents, 3201 cases (73.2%) were males with a mean age of 48.1 ± 0.46 years, and 1170 cases (23.8%) were females
with the mean age of 46.1 ± 0.77 years. In terms of age, education, and marital status, the highest frequencies of pedestrian deaths were,
respectively, observed in the age group 65 years old and above (33.4%), the illiterate group (44.5%), and married people (67.9%). The highest
and the lowest incidence rates of death were seen in Gilan (11 per 1000 people) and South Khorasan Provinces (2.4 per 100,000), respectively.
Conclusions: Pedestrians as the most vulnerable people in traffic accidents comprise a large proportion of deaths and disabilities caused by
road traffic accidents. It seems necessary to take some measures including paying special attention to physiological characteristics of the age
group above 65 years old, doing close monitoring by the traffic police in October and the rush hours, and providing facilities for pedestrians
to cross in busy locations of suburban areas.


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