Comparing Cognitive Failures and Metacognitive Beliefs in Mild Traumatic Brain Injured Patients and Normal Controls in Kashan


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran

2 Department of Psychiatry, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, IR Iran

3 Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran



Head trauma is associated with multiple destructive cognitive symptoms and cognitive failure. Cognitive failures include problems with memory, attention and operation. Cognitive failures are considered as a process associated with metacognition.

This study aimed to compare cognitive failures and metacognitive beliefs in mild Traumatic Brain Injured (TBI) patients and normal controls in Kashan.

Patients and Methods
The study was performed on 40 TBI patients referred to the Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan city and 40 normal controls in Kashan. Traumatic brain injured patients and normal controls were selected by convenience sampling. Two groups filled out the demographic sheet, Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) and Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire 30 (MCQ-30). The data were analyzed by the SPSS-19 software with multivariate analysis of variance.

The results of this study showed that there were no significant differences between TBI and controls in total scores and subscales of CFQ and MCQ (F = 0.801, P = 0.61).

Based on these findings, it seems that mild brain injuries don't make significant metacognitive problems and cognitive failures.