Wandering Spleen in an Adult Man Associated With the Horseshoe Kidney


1 Najafabad Azad University, Najafabad, IR Iran

2 Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran

3 Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran



A wandering spleen occurs when there is a laxity of the ligaments that fix the spleen in its normal anatomical position.

Case Presentation
This is a case report of a wandering spleen with horseshoe kidney in a 29-year-old male admitted with acute lower abdominal pain and vomiting to emergency department of Shariati hospital in Isfahan province. Sonographic examination showed a homogeneous 21 × 15 × 8 cm mass in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis associated with a horseshoe kidney. Laparotomy confirmed the clinical and ultrasound findings.

The association of horseshoe kidney with a wandering spleen in this case may be due to an embryological anomaly.