1. Holmes JF, McGahan JP, Wisner DH. Rate of intra‑abdominal injury after a normal abdominal computed tomographic scan in adults with blunt trauma. Am J Emerg Med 2012;30:574‑9.
2. Nikfarjam R, Khazaeipour Z, Baratloo A, Aghili SM. Correlation of dysoxia metabolism markers with trauma scoring systems in multiple trauma patients admitted to the emergency department: Across‑sectional observational study. Arch Trauma Res Vol 2019;8:11‑6.
3. Rahmati F, Doosti M, Bahreini M. The cost analysis of patients with traffic traumatic injuries presenting to emergency department; a cross‑sectional study. Adv J Emerg Med 2019;3:e2.
4. Saberian P, Farhoud AR, Hasani‑Sharamin P, Moghaddami M, Keshvari F. Epidemiological features of injured patients examined by tehran emergency medical service technicians. Adv J Emerg Med 2019;3:e40.
5. Van Vugt R, Keus F, Kool D, Deunk J, Edwards M. Selective computed tomography (CT) versus routine thoracoabdominal CT for high‑energy blunt‑trauma patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec; 2013(12):CD009743.
6. Safari S, Radfar F, Baratloo A. Thoracic injury rule out criteria and NEXUS chest in predicting the risk of traumatic intra‑thoracic injuries: Table 4: The three urine test parameters with organ specific enhanced abdominopelvic computed tomography abnormal findingsInjured organ Test Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) PPV (%) NPV (%) Accuracy (%)
Liver (n=6) Gross 16.67 96.5 12.5 97.47 94.17Microscopic 33.33 61.64 3.45 95.74 60.53Dipstick 83.33 65.75 9.09 98.97 66.45Kidney (n=5) Gross 40 95.27 22.22 97.92 93.46Microscopic 40 61.9 3.45 96.81 61.18Dipstick 40 63.95 3.64 96.91 63.16Bladder (n=2) Gross 100 96 25 100 96.05Microscopic 0 61.33 0 97.87 60.53Dipstick 0 63.33 0 97.94 62.5Spleen (n=1) Gross 0 94.7 0 99.3 94.08Microscopic 100 62.25 1.72 100 62.5Dipstick 0 63.58 0 98.79 63.16Hollow viscus (n=2) Gross 0 94.97 0 98.61 93.42Microscopic 0 61.33 0 97.87 60.53Dipstick 0 63.33 0 97.94 62.5Adrenal (n=2) Gross 0 94.97 0 98.61 93.42Microscopic 50 62 1.72 98.94 61.84Dipstick 50 64 1.82 98.97 63.82Free fluid (n=16) Gross 6.25 94.85 12.5 89.58 85.53Microscopic 43.75 62.5 12.07 90.43 60.53Dipstick 37.5 63.97 10.91 89.69 61.18Extraperitoneal hemorrhage (n=12)Gross 8.33 95 12.5 92.36 88.16Microscopic 41.67 62.14 8.62 92.55 60.53Dipstick 41.67 64.29 9.09 92.78 62.5PPV: Positive predictive value, NPV: Negative predictive valueA diagnostic accuracy study. Injury 2018;49:959‑62.
7. Heydari F, Maghami MH, Esmailian M, Zamani M. The effect of implementation of the standard clinical practice guideline (CPG) for management of multiple trauma patients admitted to an emergency department. Adv J Emerg Med 2018;2:e5.
8. Sharples A, Brohi K. Can clinical prediction tools predict the need for computed tomography in blunt abdominal? A systematic review. Injury 2016;47:1811‑8.
9. Eslami S, Ghanei A, Azin N, Boroumand AB. Radiation exposure in patients with multiple trauma in level 2 and 3 triage during first 48 h of admission; a cross‑sectional study. Adv J Emerg Med 2020;4:e69.
10. Wilson CB, Vidrine A Jr., Rives JD. Unrecognized abdominal trauma in patients with head injuries. Ann Surg 1965;161:608‑13.
11. Paydar S, Kabiri H, Barhaghtalab M, Ghaffarpasand F, Safari S, Baratloo A. Hemodynamic changes following routine fluid resuscitation in patients with blunt trauma. Trauma Mon 2016;21:e23682.
12. Bagheri‑agheri S, Bahreini M, Farshidmehr P, Barazandeh S, Babaniamansour S, Aliniagerdroudbari E, et al. The effect of extended‑focused assessment with sonography in trauma results on clinical judgment accuracy of the physicians managing patients with blunt thoracoabdominal trauma. Arch Trauma Res 2019;8:207‑13.
13. Jones TS, Stovall RT, Jones EL, Knepper B, Pieracci FM, Fox CJ, et al. A negative urinalysis is associated with a low likelihood of intra‑abdominal injury after blunt abdominal trauma. Am J Surg 2017;213:69‑72.
14. Seyedhosseini‑Davarani S, Saeedi A, Rouhipour A, Taheri MS, Baratloo A. The value of urinalysis in detection of abdominal organ injuries in children with hematuria following blunt abdominal trauma; a diagnostic study. Int J Pediatr 2017;5:6103‑10.
15. Don Bosco D, Gangalal GM, Rao S, Chakrapani AT. Acute kidney injury in severe trauma patients; a record‑based retrospective study. Adv J Emerg Med 2019;3:e22.
16. Olthof DC, Joosse P, van der Vlies CH, de Reijke TM, Goslings JC. Routine urinalysis in patients with a blunt abdominal trauma mechanism is not valuable to detect urogenital injury. Emerg Med J 2015;32:119‑23.
17. Salimi J, Nikoobakht MR, Khaji A. Epidemiology of urogenital trauma in Iran: Results of the Iranian national trauma project. Urol J 2006;3:171‑4.
18. Sabzghabaei A, Shojaee M, Safari S, Hatamabadi HR, Shirvani R. The accuracy of urinalysis in predicting intra‑abdominal injury following blunt traumas. Emerg (Tehran) 2016;4:11‑5.
19. Microhematuria: AUA/SUFU Guideline. Available from:https://www.auanet.org/guidelines/microhematuria. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 28].
20. Tinkoff G, Esposito TJ, Reed J, Kilgo P, Fildes J, Pasquale M, Meredith JW. American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale I: spleen, liver, and kidney, validation based on the National Trauma Data Bank. J Am Coll Surg 2008;207:646-55.
21. Sabzghabaei A, Shojaee M, Kariman H, Manouchehrifar M, Heydari K, Sohrabi SJ. Pan vs. selective computed tomography scans in management of multiple trauma patients; a brief report. Emergency 2017;5:e38.
22. Moustafa F, Loze C, Pereira B, Vaz MA, Caumon L, Perrier C, et al. Assessment of urinary dipstick in patients admitted to an ED for blunt abdominal trauma. Am J Emerg Med 2017;35:628‑31.
23. Shojaee M, Faridaalaee G, Sabzghabaei A, Safari S, Mansoorifar H, Arhamidolatabadi A, et al. Sonographic Detection of Abdominal Free Fluid: Emergency Residents vs Radiology Residents. Trauma Mon 2013;17:377‑9.
24. Cotton BA, Beckert BW, Smith MK, Burd RS. The utility of clinical and laboratory data for predicting intraabdominal injury among children. J Trauma 2004;56:1068‑74.
25. Poletti PA, Mirvis SE, Shanmuganathan K, Takada T, Killeen KL, Perlmutter D, et al. Blunt abdominal trauma patients: Can organ injury be excluded without performing computed tomography? J Trauma 2004;57:1072‑81.
26. ShojaeeM, FaridaalaeeG, YousefifardM, YaseriM, Arhami DolatabadiA, Sabzghabaei A, et al. New scoring system for intra‑abdominal injury diagnosis after blunt trauma. Chin J Traumatol 2014;17:19‑24.