Prevalence of Drug‑resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Iranian Burned Patients: A Meta‑analysis

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Microbiology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran

2 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences

3 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of drug‑resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in burned patients is one of the main public health problems worldwide.
Although drug‑resistant P. aeruginosa in burn units is frequent in some countries and unusual in others, the level of this conditions is not
precisely known in Iran. Imipenem is one of the most potent agents against P. aeruginosa. Imipenem resistance is a major obstacle to treatment
of P. aeruginosa infections. We aimed to determine the true prevalence of imipenem‑resistant P. aeruginosa in Iranian burned patients according
to the Preferred Reporting Items for Meta‑Analyses statement. Moreover, resistance to several potent anti‑P. aeruginosa drugs were indicated
according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines for the disc diffusion method. Several databases including Web of
Science, Scopus, PubMed, Scientific Information Database, Magiran, Iranmedex, and science direct were searched to get studies addressing
drug‑resistant P. aeruginosa in Iranian burned patients from March 2006 to May 2015. A total of 34 reports available from different areas
of Iran were included in the current study. The meta‑analyses showed that 54.9% of P. aeruginosa were resistant to imipenem. The most
common resistance was seen against ceftazidime (66.9%), followed by ciprofloxacin (52.9%) and cefepime (52.3%). It is necessary to know
the epidemiology of drug‑resistant P. aeruginosa because it can promote control strategies for decreasing their prevalence. The high incidence
of drug‑resistant P. aeruginosa in Iran emphasizes the need for precise drug susceptibility testing, continuous monitoring of drug resistance,
especially in burn units, use of sensitive methods for the laboratory diagnosis, and close relation between physician and laboratories.

Keywords


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