Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Department of Statistics, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, IR Iran
Planning for providing mental health services to the mentally patients due to brain injury need awareness of mental health status of the patient.
This study aimed to assess the mental health of patients with mild TBI.
Patients and Methods
The descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 286 patients with mild TBI who were admitted to department of neurosurgery of Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran, during the first eight months of 2013. Enrolled patients were 15 to 70 years old who able to respond to questionnaires. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) questionnaire is used to assess the mental health status of the patients. The data were presented using logistic regression and descriptive statistics.
A total of 286 patients, 79.7% males and 20.3% females with male to female ratio of 4:1, completed the study. Female had significantly higher Global Severity Index (GSI) compared to males. There was a significant association between, psychologic disorders’ symptoms and age (P = 0.00). The mean (SD) of GSI on the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) was 1.39 (0.58).
This study showed that 36% of the patients with mild TBI symptoms had mental health problems. Given the high rates of psychologic disorders among patients with mild TBI, it is necessary to reduce the factors that caused the disorder.